On This Day — January 30th
January 30th is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 335 days remaining until the end of the year (336 in leap years). This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Monday, Wednesday or Saturday (58 in 400 years each) than on Thursday or Friday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Tuesday or Sunday (56).
1649 – King Charles I of England is beheaded.
1661– Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, is ritually executed more than two years after his death, on the 12th anniversary of the execution of the monarch he himself deposed.
1933 – Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
1948 – Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist.
1956 – African-American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.’s home is bombed in retaliation for the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
1969 – The Beatles’ last public performance, on the roof of Apple Records in London. The impromptu concert is broken up by the police.
Actor Christian Bale turns 44
Singer-Songwriter Phil Collins turns 67
Actress Vanessa Redgrave turns 81
Actor Gene Hackman turns 88
Former US Vice President Dick Cheney turns 77