October 12th is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 80 days remaining until the end of the year.
1398 – The Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great and the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights Konrad von Jungingen signed the Treaty of Salynas, the third attempt to cede Samogitia to the Knights.
1692 – The Salem witch trials are ended by a letter from Massachusetts Governor Sir William Phips.
1799 – Jeanne Geneviève Labrosse became the first woman to make a parachute descent, falling 900 m (3,000 ft) in a hot-air balloon gondola.
1892 – The Pledge of Allegiance of the United States was first used in public schools to coincide with the opening of the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago.
1960 – Japan Socialist Party leader Inejiro Asanuma was assassinated on live television by a man using a samurai sword.
1984 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army detonated a bomb at the Grand Hotel in Brighton, England, in a failed attempt to assassinate British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and most of her cabinet.
Hugh Jackman turns 50
Kirk Cameron turns 48
Josh Hutcherson turns 26