On This Day — March 13th

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March 13th is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 293 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Friday or Sunday (58 in 400 years each) than on Wednesday or Thursday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Monday or Saturday (56).

Historical Events:

1639 – Harvard College is named after clergyman John Harvard.

1781 – William Herschel discovers Uranus.

1881 – Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him (this is the Gregorian date; it was March 1 in the Julian calendar then in use in Russia).

1988 – The Seikan Tunnel, the longest undersea tunnel in the world, opens between Aomori and Hakodate, Japan.

2013 – Pope Francis is elected, in the papal conclave, as the 266th Pope of the Catholic Church.

Celebrity Births:

Pirates of the Caribbean Actress Kaya Scodelario turns 26

Rapper Common turns 45

Shameless Actor William H. Macy turns 68

Dork Diaries Author Rachel Renee Russell turns 59

Good Luck Charlie Actress Leigh-Allyn Baker turns 46

Bright Actress Lucy Fry turns 26

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On This Day — March 12th

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March 12th is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 294 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Monday, Thursday or Saturday (58 in 400 years each) than on Tuesday or Wednesday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Friday or Sunday (56).

Historical Events:

1881 – Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world’s first black international football player and captain.

1894 – Coca-Cola is bottled and sold for the first time in Vicksburg, Mississippi, by local soda fountain operator Joseph A. Biedenharn.

1930 – Mahatma Gandhi begins the Salt March, a 200-mile march to the sea to protest the British monopoly on salt in India.

1933 – Franklin D. Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States. This is also the first of his “fireside chats”.

2009 – Financier Bernard Madoff pleads guilty in New York to scamming $18 billion, the largest in Wall Street’s history.

Celebrity Births:

Actress Liza Minnelli turns 72

Singer-Songwriter James Taylor turns 70

Thor Actress Jaimie Alexander turns 34

Former US Presidential Candidate Mitt Romney turns 71

Musician Danny Jones turns 32

On This Day — March 9th

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March 9th is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 297 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Monday, Wednesday or Friday (58 in 400 years each) than on Saturday or Sunday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Tuesday or Thursday (56).

Historical Events:

1796 – Napoléon Bonaparte marries his first wife, Joséphine de Beauharnais.

1842 – The first documented discovery of gold in California occurs at Rancho San Francisco, six years before the California Gold Rush.

1959 – The Barbie doll makes its debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York.

1961 – Sputnik 9 successfully launches, carrying a human dummy nicknamed Ivan Ivanovich, and demonstrating that the Soviet Union was ready to begin human spaceflight.

1982 – “Krononauts hosted an event in Baltimore, Maryland asking time-travelers to meet and demonstrate future science methods of Time travel.

Celebrity Births:

Star Wars Actor Oscar Isaac turns 39

Pitch Perfect Actress Brittany Snow turns 32

Criminal Minds Actor Matthew Gray Gubler turns 38

TV Personality Steve Wilkos turns 54

The Fosters Actress Cierra Ramirez turns 23

On This Day — March 8th

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March 8th is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 298 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Thursday or Sunday (58 in 400 years each) than on Friday or Saturday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Monday or Wednesday (56).

Historical Events:

1618 – Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion.

1817 – The New York Stock Exchange is founded.

1971 – The Fight of the Century between Joe Frazier and Muhammad Ali commences. Frazier wins in 15 rounds via unanimous decision.

2014 – Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, carrying a total of 239 people, disappears en route from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing.

2017– The Azure Window, a natural arch on the Maltese island of Gozo, collapsed in a stormy weather.

Celebrity Births:

Dawson’s Creek Actor James Van Der Beek turns 41

Eagles Co-Founder Randy Meisner turns 72

Journalist Lester Holt turns 59

AT&T Actress Milana Vayntrub turns 31

Scooby Doo Actor Freddie Prinze Jr. turns 42

On This Day — March 7th

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March 7th is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 299 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Monday, Wednesday or Saturday (58 in 400 years each) than on Thursday or Friday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Tuesday or Sunday (56).

Historical Events:

321 – Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire.

1876 – Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for an  invention he calls the “telephone.”

1900 – The German liner SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse becomes the first ship to send wireless signals to shore.

1965 – Bloody Sunday: a group of 600 civil rights marchers is brutally attacked by state and local police in Selma, Alabama.

1986 – Challenger Disaster: Divers from the USS Preserver locate the crew cabin of Challenger on the ocean floor.

Celebrity Births:

Breaking Bad Star Bryan Cranston turns 62

The Office Actress Jenna Fischer turns 44

Fifty Shades of Grey Writer E.L. James turns 55

The Mummy Actress Rachel Weisz turns 48

Jackie Actor Peter Sarsgaard turns 47

On This Day — March 6th

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March 6th is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 300 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Friday or Sunday (58 in 400 years each) than on Wednesday or Thursday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Monday or Saturday (56).

Historical Events:

1836 – Battle of the Alamo – After a thirteen-day siege by an army of 3,000 Mexican troops, the 187 Texas volunteers, including frontiersman Davy Crockett and colonel Jim Bowie, defending the Alamo are killed and the fort is captured.

1902 – Real Madrid C.F. is founded.

1964 – Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad officially gives boxing champion Cassius Clay the name Muhammad Ali.

1967 – Cold War: Joseph Stalin’s daughter Svetlana Alliluyeva defects to the United States.

1975 – For the first time the Zapruder film of the assassination of John F. Kennedy is shown in motion to a national TV audience by Robert J. Groden and Dick Gregory.

Celebrity Births:

Pink Floyd Member David Gilmour turns 72

Rapper Tyler, the Creator turns 27

Nashville Actress Connie Britton turns 51

Businessman Stedman Graham turns 67

Singer Kiki Dee turns 71

On This Day — March 5th

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March 5th is the 64th day of the year (65th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 301 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Monday, Thursday or Saturday (58 in 400 years each) than on Tuesday or Wednesday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Friday or Sunday (56).

Historical Events:

1770 – Boston Massacre: Five Americans, including Crispus Attucks, are fatally shot by British troops in an event that would contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War (also known as the American War of Independence) five years later.

1940 – Six high-ranking members of Soviet politburo, including Joseph Stalin, sign an order for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs, in what will become known as the Katyn massacre.

1946 – Winston Churchill coins the phrase “Iron Curtain” in his speech at Westminster College, Missouri.

1953 – Joseph Stalin, the longest serving leader of the Soviet Union, dies at his Volynskoe dacha in Moscow after being hit by a cerebral hemorrhage.

1963 – American country music stars Patsy Cline, Hawkshaw Hawkins, Cowboy Copas and their pilot Randy Hughes are killed in a plane crash in Camden, Tennessee.

Celebrity Births:

Actress Eva Mendes turns 44

Televangelist Joel Osteen turns 55

Singer Madison Beer turns 19

Star Wars Actor Jake Lloyd turns 29

Victoria’s Secret Angel Taylor Hill turns 22

On This Day — March 2nd

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March 2nd is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 304 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Monday, Wednesday or Friday (58 in 400 years each) than on Saturday or Sunday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Tuesday or Thursday (56).

Events

1717 – The Loves of Mars and Venus is the first ballet performed in England.

1797 – The Bank of England issues the first one-pound and two-pound banknotes.

1855 – Alexander II becomes Tsar of Russia.

1933 – The film King Kong opens at New York’s Radio City Music Hall.

1956 – Morocco gains its independence from France.

1978 – Aboard the Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 28, Czechoslovak military pilot Vladimír Remek became the first person from outside the Soviet Union or the United States to go into space.

Celebrity Births

Legendary Singer Jon Bon Jovi turns 56

James Bond Star Daniel Craig turns 50

Coldplay’s Chris Martin turns 41

Pitch Perfect’s Rebel Wilson turns 38

Jurassic World’s Bryce Dallas Howard turns 37

On This Day — March 1st

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March 1st the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 305 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Thursday or Sunday (58 in 400 years each) than on Friday or Saturday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Monday or Wednesday (56).

Historical Events:

1692 – Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne and Tituba are brought before local magistrates in Salem Village, Massachusetts, beginning what would become known as the Salem witch trials.

1872 – Yellowstone National Park is established as the world’s first national park.

1932 – Charles Lindbergh’s son is reportedly kidnapped.

1953 – Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses; he dies four days later.

1998 – Titanic became the first film to gross over $1 billion worldwide.

Celebrity Births:

Singer Justin Bieber turns 24

Actress Lupita Nyong’o turns 35

Actor and Director Ron Howard turns 64

Singer Kesha turns 31

Supernatural Actor Jensen Ackles turns 40

On This Day — February 28th

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February 28th is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 306 days remaining until the end of the year (307 in leap years). This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Thursday or Sunday (58 in 400 years each) than on Friday or Saturday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Monday or Wednesday (56).

Historical Events:

1525 – Aztec king Cuauhtémoc is executed on the order of conquistador Hernán Cortés.

1935 – DuPont scientist Wallace Carothers invents nylon.

1939 – The erroneous word “dord” is discovered in the Webster’s New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation.

1983 – The final episode of M*A*S*H airs, with almost 106 million viewers. It still holds the record for the highest viewership of a season finale.

1993 – The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agents raid the Branch Davidian church in Waco, Texas with a warrant to arrest the group’s leader David Koresh. Four ATF agents and six Davidians die in the initial raid, starting a 51-day standoff.

Celebrity Births:

Actress Bernadette Peters turns 70

Model Olivia Palermo turns 32

Economist Paul Krugman turns 65

Actress Amanda Abbington turns 44

Singer Jason Aldean turns 41