On This Day — October 11th

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October 11th is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 81 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events

1142 – The Treaty of Shaoxing was ratified, ending the Jin–Song Wars, although sporadic fighting continued until 1234.

1311 – The peerage and clergy of the Kingdom of England published the Ordinances of 1311 to restrict King Edward II’s powers.

1840 – Bashir Shihab II surrendered to the Ottoman Empire and was removed as Emir of Mount Lebanon after an imperial decree by Sultan Abdülmecid I.

1950 – A field-sequential color system developed by Hungarian-American engineer Peter Goldmark became the first color television system to be adopted for commercial use, only for it to be abandoned a year later.

1987 – Sri Lankan Civil War: The Indian Peace Keeping Force began Operation Pawan to take control of Jaffna from the Tamil Tigers and enforce their disarmament as a part of the Indo-Sri Lanka Accord.

Celebrity Birthdays

Joan Cusack turns 56

Luke Perry turns 52

Artie Lange turns 51

Emily Deschanel turns 42

Matt Bomer turns 41

Michelle Trachtenberg turns 33

On This Day — October 11

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October 11th is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 81 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Thursday or Sunday (58 in 400 years each) than on Friday or Saturday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Monday or Wednesday (56).

On this day in history:

1899 – Second Boer War begins: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts.

1910 – Former President Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. president to fly in an airplane. He flew for four minutes with Arch Hoxsey in a plane built by the Wright brothers at Kinloch Field, St. Louis, Missouri.

1968 – Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 7, the first successful manned Apollo mission, with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn F. Eisele and Walter Cunningham aboard.

1975 – The NBC sketch comedy/variety show Saturday Night Live debuts.

1984 – Aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger, astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan becomes the first American woman to perform a space walk.

2001 – The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.

Celebrity Birthdays:

The Last Tycoon Star Matt Bomer turns 40

Toy Story Actress Joan Cusack turns 55

Bones Star Emily Deschanel turns 41

True Blood Actor Stephen Moyer turns 48

Singer Daryl Hall turns 71

French and Saunders Actress Dawn French turns 60

Happy Birthday to all October 11th babies!